Tuesday, October 23, 2007

Policing facts related to vehicular accidents in Canada..

Policing facts related to vehicular accidents in Canada..

There need to be a serious governmental review of the present police resources, police policies in regard to traffic deaths and traffic fatalities. Drug or alcohol impaired vehicular driving by men and women and not the actual driving speed are still the key factor in the majority of the traffic accidents.. but yet money generating speeding tickets falsely get the most police attention, RCMP included too, in many rural and urban cities, Canada wide.

Road traffic accident: "An accident which occurred or originated on a way or street open to public traffic; resulted in one or more persons being killed or injured, and at least one moving vehicle was involved. These accidents therefore include collisions between vehicles, between vehicles and pedestrians and between vehicles and animals or fixed obstacles. Single vehicle accidents in which one vehicle alone (and no other road user) was involved Generally Multi-vehicle collisions are counted only as one accident provided that the successive collisions happened at very short intervals."

All accident, injury, related mortality rates even for all drivers of all ages, in rural or urban settings should be vigoursly reduced including for both types, the commercial and non commercial vehicles.


In the year 2000 Traffic fatalities accounted for 93 percent of transportation fatalities nationwide in Canada . Traffic collisions in Canada claimed the lives of 2,926 road users and injured another 227,403 in 2000 and yet most of these were caused mainly by the driving speed.On average for the past 10 years, single-vehicle collisions accounted for 50 percent of all fatal collisions, 31 percent of collisions involving personal injury and 25 percent of property damage collisions. The number of motor vehicles involved in crashes each year was still over 1.1 million in 2000, with automobiles, light trucks and vans being the ones most frequently involved in collisions.

Commercial vehicle crashes are often deadly, and particularly dangerous to other users of the road. Although commercial vehicles, on average, accounted for approximately 8 to 9 percent of all vehicles involved in crashes, they accounted for an average of 19 percent of all road user fatalities or one in five road fatalities in Canada in 2000. ‘In fatal crashes, drivers of automobiles, light trucks and vans were recorded as having a driver action “other than driving properly” 2.74 times more frequently than the drivers of heavy trucks.’

Of all injury collisions, 42,700 or 28 percent occurred on rural roads, and the most deadly collisions took place on rural roads - primary and secondary highways and local roads where there was less police reources, monitoring too.

Unbeliveable that still 3/4 serious collisions occurred in clear weather. The majority of collisions causing death and injury occurred in clear weather on straight, level roads with a dry road surface. The age of the driver and the driver himself being the main causes of all accidents too, not just the type of vehcle.

Evening Traffic rush hour. A single three-hour time period, from 3 p.m. to 6 p.m., posed the highest risk for fatal crashes and those producing injuries. This high-risk time period was even riskier on weekends. Saturday was the peak day for fatal collisions, although the period from midnight to 3:00 a.m. was the most risky. Friday was the peak day for injuries. Fewer serious crashes occurred on weekdays, with Monday the safest day by a slight edge. July and August observed the highest frequencies of fatal collisions. On average, the peak months for fatal collisions were July and August. Injury collisions were also consistent: injury collisions involving two vehicles peaked in June, July and August, while single-vehicle injury collisions often peaked in November and December.
http://www.ccmta.ca/ENGLISH/pdf/state_of_road_safety00.pdf


While the vehicle occupants themseleves account for over 3/4 of the deaths and injuries on Canada’s roads, still the motorcyclists, bicyclists and pedestrians also do face some considerable personal risks. The Motorcyclists accounted for 1/18 fatalities. The number of Canadians killed on bicycles continued an overall downward trend. Across Canada, pedestrian deaths were down by 31 percent, injuries by 10 percent. In 2000, 367 pedestrians were killed and 13,727 were injured. That’s 1 pedestrian killed and 38 injured each day, on average. 3/4 of the 25 % of the deaths and injuries on Canada’s roads, and almost 70 % were killed in urban areas, and almost two-thirds at intersections by vehicles running through red lights, the drivers failing to make proper stop at the stop sign, drivers distracted, talking on the phone, and by drug or alcohol impaired drivers, drivers with failing eyesight too.

It is well recognized by the road safety industry that the driver themslves, and the personal related driver error which are negatively impacted the most by bad drugs and alcohol , and driver error plays a significant role in over 85% of today's crashes.

More than 75% of people in a recent Canadian poll1 admitted to multi-tasking while driving - eating, drinking coffee, reading and even using laptop computers and many drivers are focusing less on the task at hand.

The risk of a collision when using a cellular telephone was four times higher than the risk when a cellular telephone was not being used
http://content.nejm.org/cgi/content/abstract/336/7/453

Teens and young adults accounted for about 14 percent of Canada’s population, yet they accounted for about 26 percent of traffic deaths and injuries in 2000. and death. The greatest number of fatalities and injuries were in the 15-24 year old age group. Younger drivers 24 and under, in particular, were involved in a disproportionately higher number of casualty collisions per 100,000 licensed drivers, than the rate for all age groups in total. Conversely, drivers 45 years of age and over were involved in a disproportionately lower number of casualty collisions than the rate for all age groups in total.

Drivers over the age of 55 tend to have less Motor Vehicle Traffic fatalites and injuries and drivers between the age of 15- 44 tend to have the most as well
http://www.tc.gc.ca/roadsafety/tp/tp3322/2005/page2.htm

Most everyone can readily understand that the vehicle speed itself is not the critical aspect in the causes of the car, vehicle accidents and any related deaths except the perverse law enforcerment officers, justice ministers even especially in redneck necked Alberta, even specifically Calgary Alberta.

Drug impaired driving, drunk driving, road age, the driver's incompetence, and car racing are still the main causes of the majority of all vehicle accidents on the road today. The alcohol-related driving casualty rates for all ages remain grim.


The Drivers themslves do account for more than half of all road users killed indicating that most of the police attention should be centered on the drivers own personal state, and not just the driving speed but most of the police attention is still wrongfully focused on revenue generated vehiclar speed fines themslves, and also mostly in the most congested traffic areas where the odds are better at the polcie catching more persons speeding. Yes it is uancceptable that the money generating speeding tickets get the most police attention in many rural and urban cities and not rather the drunk or drug impaired drivers who cause a lot of the accidents.. Why is this being allowed?


British Columbia reporting the highest accident rates (76%), and Alberta being second, and Atlantic Canada reporting the lowest (57%)
http://www.insurance-canada.ca/claims/canada/Carstar-poll-accidents-504.php

Alberta's Injuries in Motor Vehicle Traffic Collisions increased by 25 percent in 2000 compared to 1991 but Quebec's rate remained the same during this period as well.

Alberta has a higher accident rate compared to the province of Quebec and yet it is a known fact that Quebcers drive faster too, on the average about 20 percent faster, and so in Quebec their accident rates and realted deaths should be 20 percent higher comparitelive and yet this is not so and why?... also next proving that speed is not the key factor in accidents.
http://www.tc.gc.ca/roadsafety/tp/tp3322/2003/page5.htm

Speeding tickets, mostly still a clearly perverse Money grab in Calgary by the Police . Under the direct instructions of the quota oriented, perverse supervisors of the Calgary Police force and the Aldermen of the city of Calgary, the city of Calgary which it insignificant population base likley more than quadruples the amount of annual revenue generated by speeding tickets in one year even comparatively to the whole island of greater Montreal, which has about times the population of Calgary now as well, and yet in both cities the annual vehicle accident rate and related deaths are still the same.


Alcohol: unsafe at any speed. 40 Percent of Fatally Injured Drivers Tested were Found to Have Been Drinking
http://www.tc.gc.ca/roadsafety/tp/tp3322/2003/page6.htm and of these almost 85% of them had blood alcohol levels in excess of the Criminal Code legal limit of 80 mg%. and yet drunk drivers do not get 40 percent of the traffic police attention? Why? While the number of drunk drivers may have decreased in the last 20 years it is still quite high and drug impaired driving has significantly increased too. The lowest rate of alcohol related injuries (6.5%)were for those drivers over the age of 55. drivers between 16- 45 accounted for 85 % of alcohol relate injuries. Of all the vehicles involved in alcohol related injuries 73% were automobile drivers and 21% were truck van drivers,
http://www.tc.gc.ca/roadsafety/tp/tp11759/2000/pdf/tp11759e_2000.pdf

Drug impaired driving has a dangerous negative side and Women tend to use drugs more than Men and yet the men are more likely to be charged by the police.. "While prevalence data indicating higher levels of licit drug use by women (e.g., antidepressants, sleeping pills and tranquillizers) were expected, enforcement data linking women with higher rates for certain offence categories were not anticipated. According to the 2001 Uniform Crime Reporting Survey--one of a dozen national data sources analyzed by CCENDU--adult men are more likely to be charged with a drug offence in Canada (87 per cent of all drug offences) than women (13 per cent of all drug offences). A closer look at the data reveals that women and men tend to be distributed differently within certain categories of drug offences. For example, in the case of cannabis-related offences, men are more likely to be charged with a crime due to their consumption, whereas women are more likely to be charged with crime for profit. Of all charges against men, 63 per cent were for possession compared with 44 per cent of women's charges, but women were more likely than men to be charged with trafficking (33 per cent vs. 25 per cent), and production (22 per cent vs. 12 per cent). The charge rate for importation was the same for both (one per cent).Youth charge rates for all drug offences combined are identical to rates for adults. However, unlike adult cannabis charge rates, females and males were distributed similarly within each offence category (74 per cent vs. 72 per cent for male and female possession charges respectively), 24 per cent versus 25 per cent for trafficking, and 1 per cent versus three per cent for production. http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m5EEF/is_2_7/ai_n18616745

A strong association exists between alcohol consumption and fatal accidents in Canada over the last 50 years, according to research from the University of Osle in Norway. Researchers examined annual mortality rates of people between age 15 and 69 relative to per capita alcohol consumption. They analyzed annual data from Statistics Canada on accidental deaths, alcoholic beverage sales per capita and motor vehicle registrations. They also examined the effect of aggregate alcohol consumption on motor vehicle, fatal falling and drowning accidents in Canada between 1950 and 1998. The alcohol-accident link was found in all provinces for males, and all provinces except Ontario for females Nationally, a one-litre increase in alcohol consumption per capita increased accident mortality by 5.9 for males and 1.9 for females per 100,000 inhabitants. For males, a significant rink was round with falling and motor vehicle accidents, as well as other accidents. For females, an association with falling and other accidents was significant. Previous studies had only focused on individual accident risk, based on individual alcohol intake, but such data did not represent population wide patterns or changes over time, claim the researchers They conclude that alcohol is an important factor in explaining accident rates overtime.
http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m5EEF/is_2_7/ai_n18616753

Not one cent of tax payer's money should ever be used to purchase alcohol at any function, on any expense account.. and all alcoholics working in the government should be fired immediately if they are not getting proper treatment for it as well.

"TORONTO, Oct. 5 /CNW Telbec/ - The Canadian Executive Council on Addictions, a national organization of senior executives of addiction agencies across Canada, says it welcomes the federal government's commitment to improving addiction treatment in Canada, but expressed concern that some of the most significant substance abuse issues remain unaddressed. Gail Czukar, Executive Vice President of the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health in Toronto and President of CECA. "Addiction services are in critical need of increased support from government." Ms. Czukar cautioned that the increased resources for law enforcement, and increased penalties for drug trafficking, will not help address the most significant harms associated with substance use in Canada: the contribution of alcohol to addiction, chronic disease and injuries. The problem of legally produced but illegally used pharmaceutical drugs should also be addressed in a federal approach to substance abuse. "A comprehensive drug strategy should not ignore the harmful consequences of alcohol use," said Ms. Czukar. "
http://www.newswire.ca/en/releases/archive/October2007/05/c9276.html

Eight provinces not doing enough to curb impaired driving, says MADD CanWest News Service September 25, 2007 QUEBEC says Mothers Against Drunk Driving.

MADD released a report card on the legislative progress that the provinces and territories have made in the last 12 months with regards to impaired driving. According to MADD, Manitoba, Nova Scotia, Ontario, and Prince Edward Island have led the way, while New Brunswick has also made considerable progress. But Quebec, British Columbia, Alberta, Saskatchewan, Newfoundland and Labrador, Yukon, Northwest Territories and Nunavut have made no relevant changes to their impaired driving legislation and have received the rating of "needs improvement." MADD Canada says these provinces, particularly Quebec, have to make big improvements to curb drunk driving. "The Quebec government is not doing enough, especially when it comes to novice drivers," said Marie-Claude Morin, MADD chapter manager for Quebec and Ontario. Morin said that laggard provinces should draw inspiration from Manitoba and Ontario who have implemented tougher laws for young drivers. For instance, Manitoba enacted a tolerance zero law for the blood alcohol limit for all drivers under the age of 21, or in their first five years of driving. In Quebec it's only two years, said Morin. "When you combine a novice driver with a novice drinker, you have a recipe for disaster that we see almost every weekend on our roads in Quebec," said Morin. She stressed that the rates of youth binge drinking, driving after drug use, and riding with a driver who has consumed drugs have increased over the past year everywhere in Canada. The number of road deaths in Quebec was 717 in 2006, including some 300 related to impaired driving. In comparison, in Ontario the total number of road deaths was 444 in 2006 but it has about five million more people than Quebec. This summer Quebec announced new measures to improve highway safety such as harsher penalties for drivers including roadside licence suspensions and a lower legal blood alcohol limit for drivers at. 05 per cent blood alcohol level. But blowing .05 on a breathalyzer would not trigger criminal charges, but would lead to a 24-hour suspension of a driver's licence. Impaired driving is a criminal offence and the Criminal Code of Canada sets .08 as a driver's legal limit of alcohol in the bloodstream. The Quebec government plans to introduce legislation bringing the changes into force by the end of the year, when the National Assembly resumes sitting in October. But MADD says more political will and stiffer laws are still needed. "Repeat offenders who have been arrested nine or 10 times don't get the message with a bigger fine or a licence suspension. They need to have their car taken away for good," said Morin. "There are good examples of impaired driving laws and practices in our country and the provinces need only look at each other's legislation to find effective measures," she added."

The federal government itself should make the Canada wide standard laws and related criminal sentences here as well..

Not one cent of tax payer's money should ever be used to purchase alcohol at any function, on any expense account.. and all alcoholics working in the government should be fired immediately if they are not getting proper treatment for it as well.

" Former Newfoundland cabinet minister Paul Dicks: "I have decided to voluntarily repay to government the full amounts spent on
art and alcohol purchases during my terms of office. I also want to apologize to the public and to my family and friends for having made these errors of judgment.""

"A comparison of spending -Imagine how the inappropriately spent constituency allowances could have been used PAUL BANKS The Telegram - Ask Eg Walters what he could do with $118,000, and he’s quick to tell you. He’s head of the province’s Community Food Sharing Association, the umbrella group for 54 food banks in Newfoundland and Labrador, and says that amount of cash could be used to package and distribute as much as $8-million worth of food across the province. That amount — $118,000 — is what MHAs spent in alcohol-only claims over the past 17 years, according to Auditor General John Noseworthy’s recent review of constituency-allowance spending. Walters said the report upset him. “I was disappointed in the fact there are so many groups out there looking for help in helping the less fortunate. That’s right from the health-care system … to cancer foundations, and many of them are just struggling,” he said. “That was the disappointing part — our elected officials could just dip willy-nilly into funds. It was disheartening to hear some of the things it was spent on.” The auditor general said there was $2.2 million in inappropriate spending, on everything from artwork to building supplies. Walter’s organization has an annual budget of $300,000. Of that amount, only two per cent comes from the province. Most of the rest is donated. “There’s a lot of charities out there that could certainly use the assistance of the provincial government,” said Walters. “Even if you don’t look at this spending scandal, a lot could use assistance in core funding, but it just doesn’t seem to come available.” When it comes to food, $2.2 million — the amount the AG deemed was spent inappropriately — can go a long way. Based on Statistics Canada data, it could feed 20 Newfoundland and Labrador households for 17 years. That amount could also pay a year’s rent for 280 average Canadian families, or buy two CT scanners for local hospitals. “From a social-justice point of view, a lot of this was going on when citizens of the province were under considerable fiscal restraint,” says Lana Payne, a labour advocate, Telegram columnist and member of the Make Work Pay Coalition pushing for an increased minimum wage. “When you look at (some of the spending) that’s difficult to accept, like art, alcohol and perfume, it’s at a time when health care was being cut back, schools really needed help, with infrastructure in hard shape, and school fees were being instituted. … It feeds into this sense of entitlement and (MHAs) were living in a bubble outside from where the rest of us were living, and out of touch.” To put MHAs’ alcohol-only claims in perspective, $118,000 could buy more than 5,500 dozen Molson Canadian beer. Former Liberal cabinet minister Paul Dicks’ alcohol-only claims — $34,145 over 13 years — could have paid for personal health-care products such as aspirins, Q-Tips and the like, for 22 households in this province for a year. Comparisons like those leave social advocate Bev Brown feeling incensed. Dicks also spent $59,753 of his constituency allowances on artwork. “I remember giving representation about raising welfare rates to (Dicks, then minister of finance),” Brown recalled. “I divided the booze bills and art bills into how many were forced to live on $105 a month, so it was pretty enlightening. To look at the bills and compare it … it all seems all out of control. “It’s painfully obvious to me poor people have no claim to the redistribution of wealth. It isn’t happening. When government says we have no money … I just think about the (welfare) rates that could have been raised by what was spent.” The executive director (external) for Memorial University’s student union said the spending scandal is outrageous when you think about students’ heavy debt loads. “When (politicians) talk about it being too expensive to lower tuition fees, it’s discouraging,” James Farrell said. “Everyone understands it’s a systemic problem; it wasn’t just one greasy politician … (but) it makes you wonder what else is going on.” The $581 one MHA claimed for books would pay for 30 copies of the “Student’s Oxford Dictionary.” The $8,120 some MHAs claimed in airfare expenses for their children would cover the cost of 37 Metrobus student semester passes at $220 each. “Students are left worrying about paying off (education loans). We’ll see now if politicians have to pay back what they spent,” Farrell said. Here are some other spending comparisons: • The $288 an MHA claimed for a clock radio could buy 43 clock radios recently on sale at Wal-Mart for $6.70 apiece, taxes included. • Expense claims totalling $289 for a tux rental and ladies clothes would buy 20 pair of Cherokee ladies’ jeans at Zellers, on sale for $17.10 a pair. • The $6,403 one MHA spent on building materials could pay for 2,092 standard-grade, eight-foot two-by-fours at Kent Building Supplies. Social advocates hope taxpayers’ money will be spent more prudently from now on. “It seems something really has to hit the fan in order for things to get done,” said Walters, who wants to see more checks and balances. Brown wishes more criminal charges could be laid in the spending scandal. “I don’t think people are being held accountable as much as they could be. “For me, it makes me angry to see people get away with this stuff.” Payne praised the new rules created for MHA spending, but admitted she’s worried that many people have become disillusioned with the democratic system. “We might be able to get past it, but it will take time,” she said. “There’s a lot of trust that’s going to have to be rebuilt. People are talking about this … and are really angry. And they feel there’s no place to put that anger.” "
pbanks@thetelegram.com

Not one cent of tax payer's money should ever be used to purchase alcohol at any function, on any expense account.. and all alcoholics working in the government should be fired immediately if they are not getting proper treatment for it as well.